Slack and Wise Chapter 15 & 16 and Daniels article

Slack and Wise Chapter 15

Technology is political. Langdon Winner expresses it, “By the term ‘politics’ I mean arrangements of power and authority in human associations as well as the activities that take place within those arrangements” (Slack and Wise, 2007, p. 173). What Winner means by human associations is socialization, including one’s social status, cultural and therefore, technological. Power mentioned in the quote above is the power to articulate; to form connections with people and technology. People think technology is not political because of their view of technology, their definition of politics, and a resignation to the status quo. Politics usually holds a negative connotation but politics means that change is always a possibility. North American technological culture has not been deliberated but Winner states there is a “defacto sociotechnical constitution” that exhibits interrelated characteristics (Slack and Wise, 2007, p. 177). Winner believes that technological politics should be debated like laws are debated.

Slack, J. D., & Wise, J. M. (2007). Culture technology: a primer. New York, NY: Lang.

Slack and Wise Chapter 16

Globalization according to Arjun Appadurai is “a series of landscapes, each within its own independent movements” (Slack and Wise, 2007, p. 186). Globalization is sometimes referred to as the “West to the Rest” because Western culture is heavily influential to other nations, especially peripheral nations. Although, this is not entirely the case; the “West to the Rest” does hold true, but globalization runs in multiple directions. Appadurai has five landscapes he calls “five dimensions of global cultural flows” (Slack and Wise, 2007, p. 186). The five landscapes are: ethnoscapes, the movement of placement and people; mediascapes, the movement, production, and display of mediated images and information; technoscapes, movement of technology; finanscapes, movement of money; and ideoscapes, movement of political ideas. An  antiglobalization movement started in 1999 during a protest in Seattle against the World Trade Organization. Now there are a variety of groups that protest for different reasons like, environment, women’s rights, indigenous people’s rights, anticonsumerism, and more (Slack and Wise, 2007, p. 187). A popular topic of antiglobalization people have been protesting are genetically modified organisms (GMO). What makes these groups unique is what they are protesting is usually anti-technology or progress, but the way they communicate in order to form together is through technology.

Slack, J. D., & Wise, J. M. (2007). Culture technology: a primer. New York, NY: Lang.

Gender, White Supremacy, and the Internet by Daniels

Daniels studies white supremacy on the internet compared to print-only white supremacy. His first topic he touches on is screennames. He analyzed the screennames of people who donated to the cause on and recognized out of 149 people, 82 male screennames, 19 female screennames, and 48 screennames that could be either male or female. Daniels came to the conclusion that males chose their screennames in order to honor heroes or martyrs while females do not. On there is a ladies-only section and the topics of discussion are general topics, like dating, marriage, health, and fitness. The difference in white supremacy in print and online, is print was a one direction flow. Meaning, there would be a newsletter and an author of an article; whereas, now online, the conversation is more interactive from comments of others users. Stormfront ladies only created a space for women in a predominately male culture to express their ideas. White supremacists are tied to masculinity for males; therefore they have to show their dominance over other races and over women. With, other people have been able to challenge the ideology of white supremacy because of the interactive capability, compared to the general newsletter of the print era.

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